Monarchs

Monarchs

Queen Victoria

Profiles, stories and little-known facts about some of England’s famous kings and queens

Read about the exploits of England’s famous monarchs who have been pivotal in the history of the historic royal palaces.

Monarchs at the palaces

  1. William I
    (r 1066-87) The 'Conqueror' - famous for invading England and all that.
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  2. Henry III
    (r 1216-72) He became king when he was only 9 years old.
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  3. Edward I
    (r 1272-1307) Famous for his epitaph and conquering the Welsh.
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  4. Edward III
    (r 1327-77) Famous for claiming the French throne in 1337 and having lots of children
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  5. Richard II
    (r 1377-99) Famous for his deposition and facing down the Peasants' Revolt.
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  6. Henry VI
    (r 1422-1461, 1470-71) He possibly suffering from catatonic schizophrenia.
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  7. Richard III
    (r 1483-5) He inspired Shakespeare's ultimate villain and is an historian's favourite.
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  8. Henry VIII
    Do you know what Henry VIII is famous for, aside from his wives? Find out about how he broke with the Roman Catholic Church & about his extravagant lifestyle.
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  9. Queen Mary I
    (r 1553-8) ‘Bloody Mary’, the Roman Catholic who burnt Protestants.
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  10. Queen Elizabeth I
    (r 1558-1603) Famous for being a royal virgin, Elizabeth I never married.
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  11. James I
    (r 1603-25) A terrorist target in the Gunpowder Plot
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  12. Charles I
    (r 1625-49) The only English monarch ever to be executed.
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  13. Oliver Cromwell
    (1649-60) He led the Parliamentarian side to victory in the Civil War.
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  14. Charles II
    (r 1630-85) He made wig-wearing fashionable in London.
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  15. William III and Mary II
    The only monarchs in British history to have reigned jointly
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  16. Queen Anne
    (r 1702-14) She was Great Britain's first sovereign following the Act of Union in 1707.
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  17. George I
    George I was Britain's first Hanoverian monarch
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  18. George II
    George II fell out with both his father and son and was the last monarch to lead his troops into battle.
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  19. George III
    (r 1760-1820) Famous for losing the American colonies and going ‘mad’
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  20. George IV
    George IV is known for his lavish spending, gluttonous eating and many mistresses
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  21. Queen Victoria
    Queen for more than sixty years, Victoria’s reign was the longest in British history. Find out more about her childhood & how she became Queen of England.
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  22. Queen Elizabeth II
    (r 1952- ) The great-great-granddaughter of Queen Victoria
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