The archaeology collection is of great site-specific importance to the history of the palaces, their construction and development. It holds items that shed light on the daily lives of those who lived in the palaces, from servants and soldiers to high status courtiers and royalty.
The collection also provides important insights into use of these areas before the palaces were built, such as Anglo-Saxon Whitehall, the Roman City of London, and pre-historic Surrey. The collection has local significance, national and international importance.
The collection is located at the Tower of London, Hampton Court Palace and Kew Palace.