Hampton Court Maze opening times
The Maze is open daily*
30 October 2016 - 25 March 2017
10.00 - 15.45
26 March - 28 October 2017
10.00 - 17.15
*It is closed 24, 25 and 26 December each year and may close at short notice in adverse weather conditions (i.e. snow or ice)
For more information about the Maze and the other highlights of Hampton Court Palace gardens read our Hampton Court Palace gardens' FAQs.
The Magic Garden is closed until April 2017.
Why see Hampton Court Maze?
‘It is the most famous Maze in the history of the world, and immeasurably the one most visited.’ (Ernest Law, 1926)
The Maze at Hampton Court was designed by George London and Henry Wise and commissioned around 1700 by William III. Originally planted using hornbeam and later replanted using yew, the Hampton Court Maze covers a third of an acre, is trapezoid in shape and is the UK's oldest surviving hedge maze.
The Maze itself is referred to as a multicursal or puzzle maze and is known for confusing and intriguing visitors with its many twists, turns and dead ends. Before the creation of the Hampton Court Maze, unicursal or single path mazes were the most popular form of maze in the UK. Unlike the puzzle maze, the single path maze has one path, usually in a spiral shape, winding to a centre point.
The Hampton Court Maze in Three Men in a Boat
‘We’ll just go in here, so that you can say you’ve been, but it’s very simple. It’s absurd to call it a maze. You keep on taking the first turning to the right. We’ll just walk around for ten minutes, and then go and get some lunch.’
So said Harris, from Jerome K. Jerome’s Three Men in a Boat (1889). The tourists he led into the Maze subsequently got lost for hours.
The maze was planted as part of a formal garden layout known as the ‘Wilderness’ (see below). There were at least two mazes originally planted in the Wilderness garden of which the current maze is the only survivor. It is the first hedge planted maze in Great Britain and now the only part remaining of the original ‘Wilderness’ area.
The term ‘wilderness’ refers to a place to wander, rather than an uncultivated area of garden as the name suggests. William III would have walked through the wilderness at Hampton Court Palace with his devoted wife Mary II. The area would have comprised 18ft high hornbeam hedges, with interstices planted with elm.
Did you know?
- Hedge mazes flourished in Britain up to the eighteenth century, until Lancelot ‘Capability’ Brown introduced natural landscaping and, in order to achieve his sweeping views, destroyed many formal garden features. Ironically, as Royal Gardener for twenty years, he lived next door to the Maze at Hampton Court, but was expressly ordered not to interfere with it!
- The Wilderness was the English version of a French ‘bosquet’. The high hedges, secluded benches and winding paths made it a place where members of the royal Court could go for privacy and where gentlemen in particular could entertain ladies in private.
- Today, there are over 1 million bulbs planted in the Wilderness alone. In the Spring the whole garden is carpeted as far as the eye can see with daffodils, interspersed with crocuses.