Come and see a re-creation of Henry VIII’s Crown displayed in the Royal Pew.
The Royal Pew is open 10:00-17:30 Monday-Saturday and 12:30-15:00 on Sundays (Chapel Royal opening hours are restricted on Sundays due to services).Included in palace admission
Look out across the magnificent Tudor ceiling, as Henry did, and see the magnificent crown displayed where he himself would have worn it.
Made for either Henry VII or Henry VIII, the original was worn by Henry VIII at Hampton Court, particularly on the feast of Epiphany on 6 January. Henry would process to the Chapel Royal in full regalia to offer gold, frankincense and myrrh, celebrating the visit of the Three Kings to the newborn Jesus. The crown was later used at the coronations of each of Henry VIII’s children.
As a potent symbol of power and religious authority, the original crown was melted down at the Tower of London in 1649 on the orders of Oliver Cromwell, following the abolition of the monarchy. Thankfully, Henry's servants wrote detailed inventories which documented the construction of the crown and we owe our stunningly accurate replica entirely to them. Their inventories documented the size and position of each of the 344 rubies, sapphires, emeralds, diamonds and pearls, along with the five sculptures that decorate it.
A portrait of Charles I, painted by Daniel Mytens in 1631, serves as a clear visual record of the shape of the crown and the patterns created by the hundreds of jewels and pearls.
Harry Collins, Crown Jeweller (2007-2012), and his team of skilled goldsmiths were able to take our research and, largely using the same techniques as their Tudor predecessors, create a very accurate replica of Henry VIII's crown at Hampton Court.
The Tudor Crown Imperial has been hand-crafted in silver gilt with fine metalwork detail – the original was made from 84oz of gold. The rubies, sapphires, emeralds, cultured pearls and rock crystal have been selected to reflect the colour and shape differences we see in existing late medieval jewellery, ensuring the crown looks as spectacular and authentic as possible.
In addition to the jewels, the crown is set with four miniature sculptures of royal saints, plus one of the Virgin and Child. The royal saints were added by Henry VIII after the reformation to emphasise the King’s authority over the Church. A specialist sculptor has reproduced St George, St Edmund, St Edward the Confessor, Henry VI (venerated as a saint at this time) and the Virgin and Child in minute detail for our crown.
This reconstruction has been scanned using structured light 3D scanning and cross polarised photogrammetry to produce this model. The model was then printed using Selective Laser Sintering (SLS) and Stereolithography (SLA) techniques.
Join Sarah Gristwood as she explores the subject behind her latest novel 'The Queen's Mary'
26 February 2018
Tower of London
Doors open at 18:30 for a 19:00 start
See the Line of Kings and the Chapel of St John the Evangelist after hours with a White Tower guide, at the Tower of London.
19 February and 12 March 2018
Tower of London
Doors open 18:15 for a 18:30 start.
Executions at the Tower of London took place at Tower Green and the Scaffold Site. Walk in the footsteps of those condemned to death by order of the state.
Tower of London