An intimate, tranquil and secluded oasis
Walk in the footsteps of royalty in the beautiful gardens of Kensington Palace.
As part of a major season of events to mark the 200th anniversary of the birth of Queen Victoria at Kensington Palace, planting in the palace gardens in 2019 will celebrate horticultural discoveries made during the Victorian era, as well as the colour that dominated Victorian decor.
New planting marking the anniversary in the palace's East Front complements the magnificent statue designed by designed by Princess Louise, Queen Victoria's fourth daughter.
The Victoria theme continues with the addition of eight plant species and varieties that were all discovered during the Victorian era.
Finally, this summer the Sunken Garden will dazzle with a rich Victorian colour palette, inspired by the vibrant colours found in Victorian carpets and interior decor.
The new scheme will coincide with two major exhibitions and a season of events exploring Victoria's life and reign.
The beautiful Sunken Garden was planted in 1908, transforming part of the gardens previously occupied by potting sheds into a tranquil ornamental garden of classical proportions. It was modelled on a similar garden at Hampton Court Palace and celebrated a style of gardening seen in the 18th century.
The garden is terraced with paving and ornamental flower beds, surrounding an ornamental pond with fountains formed from reused 18th century water cisterns retrieved from the palace.
Today, the garden continues the tradition of rotational flower displays in the spring and summer. Vibrant colours and exotic planting are on display from April to August when the garden is looking its best and replanted during the autumn and winter months ready for spring.
In the spring, tulips, wallflowers and pansies bloom while in the summer months geraniums, cannas, begonias and many more provide the vivid colour.
An arched arbour of red-twigged lime, the walk surrounds the Sunken Garden with arched viewpoints equally spaced along the sides.
In the summer, this shady tunnel provides the perfect place to view the bright colours in the Sunken Garden to the north or the re-landscaped gardens to the south.
The trees have been coppiced, or stooled, meaning that they have been cut back to the ground. This preserves the original tree stock and allows new stems to be trained over the new framework of the bower.
Some people will remember the colloquial name 'Nanny Walk' as this beautiful spot was a favoured meeting point for the many nannies in Kensington.
Our new wildflower meadow in the East Front of the palace includes poppies, campion, daisies, Ragged Robin and many other native wild flowers, which have come out in abundance. The effect is a lovely natural approach to the palace from the south.
The flowers are also immensely beneficial to pollinators and other insects who sometimes struggle to find food and shelter in the big city.
Kensington Gardens began life as a King's playground; for over 100 years, the gardens were part of Hyde Park and hosted Henry VIII's huge deer chase.
When William III and Mary II established the palace in 1689, they began to create a separate park. Mary commissioned a palace garden of formal flower beds and box hedges. This style was Dutch and designed to make William, who came from Holland, feel at home.
The diarist, John Evelyn, described the gardens as 'very delicious'. On 2 September 1705 he wrote 'I was able to go take the aire, as far as Kensington, where I saw that house... & the plantation about it, to my great admiration and Refreshment...'
When Queen Anne came to the throne in 1702, she created an English-style garden. The Orangery was added in 1704, an elaborate greenhouse built in the style of an elegant palace to protect Anne's citrus trees from the harsh frosts of winter.
Anne also recognised the Orangery’s beautiful garden setting and graceful architecture made it a perfect venue for fashionable court entertaining away from the chaos of 'town'.
From 1728, Queen Caroline began to transform the 242 acres of Kensington Gardens into the park we know today. She created the Serpentine boating lake and the Long Water, as well as the Broad Walk and round pond. These are now in Kensington Gardens and looked after by The Royal Parks.
For most of the 18th century the gardens were closed to the public except on Saturdays and only to the 'respectably dressed'. The intriguing garden was admired by Samuel Pepys, amongst others, as 'a mighty fine cool place... with a great layer of water in the middle'.
A collection of gifts based on the latest Victoria Woman and Crown exhibition at Kensington Palace, including exclusively designed for Historic Royal Palaces, our Royal Victoria collection inspired by iconic symbols from Queen Victoria's reign.