History of the Line of Kings exhibition

The original Line of Kings

Propaganda and pageantry

The Line of Kings was first put together between 1688 and 1692 after the Board of Ordnance decided to create an exhibition promoting the Stuart monarchy. The Ordnance were mainly concerned with arming the army and navy, but they also provided pageantry to promote kingship.

They created an exhibition called the Line of Kings, which featured royal armour and life-sized wooden horses and wooden royal figures made by Grinling Gibbons and several of Britain’s best woodcarvers. The exhibition was sited at the Tower of London, in what is now the New Armouries cafe.

Line of Kings was a propaganda statement: it featured 'good' kings like Edward III and Henry VIII but excluded 'bad' ones such as Edward II and Richard III. 

When this new exhibition opened it was both historical and topical: some visitors would have remembered the execution of Charles I in 1649 and restoration of Charles II in 1660. William III's 'Glorious Revolution' and the flight of James II would have been fresh in their minds.

Displays of armour in the Line of Kings at the White Tower

The next 80 years

Adding more kings to the Line

For its first 80 years the Line of Kings was periodically updated. Figures of William III, George I and George II were added after their deaths. The display featured in printed guidebooks to London and from about 1750 to the Tower in particular.


First images of Line of Kings

Although the exhibition was occasionally altered, its basic form changed little before 1800 when the earliest known images were drawn.

However, over the next 25 years the popular display came increasingly under fire from experts who pointed out that the kings in their armour were full of ridiculous anachronisms.

The 19th century

Focus on armour

In 1826, the Line of Kings display was dismantled and moved to a purpose-built new gallery adjoining the south side of the White Tower.

The re-organised display featured not only kings but many noblemen in an exhibition illustrating the historical development of armour.

Enhanced again in 1869, the Line remained a favourite with the Tower's tourists until it closed in 1882.

From 1883 the equestrian figures re-appeared on the upper floor of the White Tower itself, where it continued for many years. 

The 21st century

Re-displayed in all its glory

Today the Line of Kings is on the entrance floor of the White Tower, newly re-displayed for the 21st century.

A Tower of London warden speaks to a visitor in the White Tower
Tours and talks

Explore the beautiful Chapel of St John the Evangelist and hear tales of famous old residents at the Tower with an expert warden.


Tower of London

10:45, 12:45 and 14:15

A Yeoman Warder adjusts his medals on his bright red traditional uniform
Tours and talks Highlights

Discover captivating stories of pain and passion, treachery and torture on the Yeoman Warder tours at the Tower of London.


Tower of London

Child Christmas wreath making at the palace

Take part in our weekend craft activities and add a personal touch to your Christmas preparations.

Weekends throughout December

Hampton Court Palace

Drop in at times listed

Henry VIII knight in shining armour hanging decoration. Handmade using traditional techniques this luxury hanging decoration features Henry VIII in his arms and armour

Henry VIII knight in shining armour hanging decoration

Take home your very own knight in shining armour with this Henry VIII hanging decoration.


Henry VIII gauntlet armour oven glove made from Cotton twill with polyester thermal

Henry VIII gauntlet armour oven glove

This fun oven glove has been inspired by a suit of armour made for Henry VIII in 1540, which is on display at the Tower of London.


Tudor Rose tree decoration -  the national flower of England is the rose which was adopted as England's emblem during the time of the Wars of the Roses

Tudor Rose tree decoration

This stunning Tudor rose decoration is double-sided and is beautifully handmade using metal and silk threads on a satin background with a foam filling.